Depok Indonesia PhotographyFlona Jakarta is a flora-and-fauna exhibition, held annually in August at Lapangan Banteng Park, featuring flowers, plant nurseries, and pets. Jakarta Fair is held annually from mid-June to mid-July to celebrate the anniversary of the city and is mostly centred around a trade fair. However, this month-long fair also features entertainment, including arts and music performances by local musicians. Jakarta International Java Jazz Festival is one of the largest jazz festivals in the world and arguably the biggest in the Southern hemisphere, and is held annually in March. Some festivals such as the Jalan Jaksa Festival, Kemang Festival, Festival Condet and Lebaran Betawi include efforts to preserve Betawi arts by inviting artists to display performances.
Also located in East Jakarta are Taman Mini Indonesia Indah and Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport. Central Jakarta is Jakarta's smallest city and the administrative and political centre. It is characterised by large parks harga jasa fotografer and Dutch colonial buildings. Landmarks include the National Monument , Istiqlal Mosque, Jakarta Cathedral and museums. In 1966, Jakarta was declared a 'special capital region' , with a status equivalent to that of a province.
Jakarta's economy depends highly on manufacturing and service sectors such as banking, trading and financial. Industries include electronics, automotive, chemicals, mechanical engineering and biomedical sciences. The head office of Bank Indonesia and Indonesia Stock Exchange are located in the city. The headquarters of the Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry and Indonesian Employers Association are also located in the city.
Situ Lembang Park is also located nearby, which has a lake at the centre. Taman Suropati was known as Burgemeester Bisschopplein during the colonial time. The park is circular-shaped with a surface area of 16,322 square metres . Several modern statues were made for the park by artists of ASEAN countries, which contributes to its nickname Taman persahabatan seniman ASEAN ('Park of the ASEAN artists friendship'). Merdeka Square is an almost 1 km2 field housing the symbol of Jakarta, Monas or Monumen Nasional . The square was created by Dutch Governor-General Herman Willem Daendels and was originally named Koningsplein (King's Square).
Jakarta hosted the 1962 Asian Games and the 2018 Asian Games, co-hosted by Palembang. Jakarta also hosted the Southeast Asian Games in 1979, 1987, 1997 and 2011 . Gelora Bung Karno Stadium, the biggest in the city with a capacity of 77,193 seats, hosted the group stage, quarterfinal and final of the 2007 AFC Asian Cup along with Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam. Ancol Dreamland is the largest integrated tourism area in Southeast Asia.
For example, traditional Padang restaurants and low-budget Warteg food-stalls are ubiquitous in the capital. Other popular street foods include nasi goreng , sate , pecel lele , bakso , bakpau and siomay . Art Jakarta is a contemporary art fair, which is held annually.
The Pedestrian Coalition posted on their official social media site that said the air quality in Depok reached “unhealthy” levels on the evening of July 16th as measured by the Air Quality Index . The data, which was posted by the coalition on July 17th, showed that the level of PM2.5 in Depok reached a United States AQI rating of 170. There are many bus terminals in the city, from where buses operate on numerous routes to connect neighborhoods within the city limit, to other areas of Greater Jakarta area and to cities across the island of Java. The biggest of the bus terminal is Pulo Gebang Bus Terminal, which is arguably the largest of its kind in Southeast Asia. Main terminus for long distance train services are Gambir and Pasar Senen. High-speed railways being constructed connecting Jakarta to Bandung and another one is at planning stage from Jakarta to Surabaya.
There is a significant Chinese influence in Betawi culture, reflected in the popularity of Chinese cakes and sweets, firecrackers and Betawi wedding attire that demonstrates Chinese and Arab influences. In 2017, Jakarta's religious composition was distributed over Islam (83.43%), Protestantism (8.63%), Catholicism (4.0%), Buddhism (3.74%), Hinduism (0.19%), and Confucianism (0.01%). Indonesian is the official and dominant language of Jakarta, while many elderly people speak Dutch or Chinese, depending on their upbringing. English is also widely used for communication, especially in Central and South Jakarta. Each of the ethnic groups uses their mother language at home, such as Betawi, Javanese, and Sundanese.
In 2017, the city's GRP PPP was estimated at US$483.4 billion. The level of air pollution in Depok has shocked a group of regular pedestrians, who quoted data from an air quality monitoring service which showed that the city was subject to unhealthy air. The city administration refuted this claim and the Depok Environment agency presented different data to argue that the air could still be categorized as “safe”.
Jakarta is situated on the northwest coast of Java, at the mouth of the Ciliwung River on Jakarta Bay, an inlet of the Java Sea. The northern part of Jakarta is plain land, some areas of which are below sea level and subject to frequent flooding. It is one of only two Asian capital cities located in the southern hemisphere (along with East Timor's Dili). Officially, the area of the Jakarta Special District is 662 km2 of land area and 6,977 km2 of sea area. The Thousand Islands, which are administratively a part of Jakarta, are located in Jakarta Bay, north of the city.
The Betawi language is distinct from those of the Sundanese or Javanese, forming itself as a language island in the surrounding area. It is mostly based on the East Malay dialect and enriched by loan words from Dutch, Portuguese, Sundanese, Javanese, Minangkabau, Chinese, and Arabic. As of the 2010 Census, 36.17% of the city's population were Javanese, 28.29% Betawi, 14.61% Sundanese, 6.62% Chinese, 3.42% Batak, 2.85% Minangkabau, 0.96% Malays, Indo and others 7.08%.
The 'Betawi' (Orang Betawi, or 'people of Batavia') are the descendants of the people living in and around Batavia who became recognised as an ethnic group around the 18th–19th century. They mostly descend from Southeast Asian ethnic groups brought or attracted to Batavia to meet labour needs. Betawi people are a creole ethnic group who came from various parts of Indonesia and intermarried with Chinese, Arabs and Europeans.
According to the Japan Center for Economic Research, GRP per capita of Jakarta will rank 28th among the 77 cities in 2030 from 41st in 2015, the largest in Southeast Asia. Savills Resilient Cities Index has predicted Jakarta to be within the top 20 cities in the world by 2028. Newspapers in other than Indonesian, mainly for national and global audience, are also published daily. Examples are English-language newspapers The Jakarta Post and online-only The Jakarta Globe. Chinese language newspapers also circulate, such as Indonesia Shang Bao (印尼商报), Harian Indonesia (印尼星洲日报), and Guo Ji Ri Bao (国际日报).
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